Preparation for surgery

Preparation For Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

Preparation for arthroscopic surgery begins weeks and sometimes months before the surgery date. Here are just a few events and considerations you may experience: 

  1. Initial Surgical Consultation. Pre-operative X-rays, a complete medical history, a complete surgical history and a complete list of all medications (i.e. prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin supplements) and allergies will be reviewed.

  2. Complete Physical Examination. Your surgeon will perform a physical examination and determine if your doctor should assist with optimisation of medical conditions prior to the surgery. This will ensure that you are in good physical condition on surgery day.

  3. Physical Therapy. In some cases, instruction in an exercise programme to begin prior to surgery, as well as an overview of the rehabilitation process after surgery, will better prepare you for post-operative care.

  4. Preparation for Surgery. You may want to wear loose-fitting clothing or track suit pants, and also bring crutches. You should bring your medical scheme information, and gap cover information if applicable and a list of all your medications and dosages as well as drug allergies. You will need to arrange for someone to drive you home.

  5. Evening Before Surgery.  Your surgeon will provide you with directions to follow prior to surgery which may include the following: do not eat or drink after midnight. However, your surgeon may also recommend that you take some of your routine prescription medications with a sip of water. 

What to Expect on the Day of Surgery

This is a brief overview of the activities that typically occur on your surgery day:

  1. You will be admitted to the hospital or clinic.
  2. Your vital signs, such as blood pressure and temperature, will be measured.
  3. A clean hospital gown will be provided.
  4. An IV (intravenous drip) will be started to give you fluids and medication during and after the procedure.
  5. All jewellery, dentures (false teeth), contact lenses, and nail polish must be removed.
  6. Your knee will be scrubbed and shaved in preparation for surgery.
  7. Where possible, an anaesthetist will discuss the type of anaesthesia that will be used.
  8. Your surgeon will confirm and mark the correct surgical site and knee.